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Urgent Need for Futuristic Legal Frameworks in the Era of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

The rapid advancement of Artificial Intelligence, particularly with the emergence of advanced tools like GPT-4o, has underscored the urgent necessity for legal frameworks that can endure the test of time.

This sentiment was strongly emphasized by Dr. Rajiv Mani, Secretary of the Department of Legal Affairs, Law, and Justice Ministry, during his address at the ‘National Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Governance and Legalities, Post GPT-4o.’

The Imperative for Technology-Agnostic Legal Frameworks

Dr. Mani highlighted the historical trend of law trailing behind technological advancements. With the quantum leap in Artificial Intelligence technology, it is crucial for legal frameworks to evolve in sync with emerging needs in legal and governance domains.

He advocated for technology-agnostic legal frameworks that are future-proof and can adapt to ongoing technological evolution. “There is a need for a change in mindset,” he asserted, emphasizing that AI advancements are continuous and stakeholders must be prepared to address the ensuing challenges holistically, particularly concerning legal policies and regulatory issues.

Balancing Innovation and Regulation

Abhishek Singh, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, echoed similar sentiments, noting Artificial Intelligence’s potential to transform various sectors and empower individuals. Singh detailed India’s proactive approach, which includes collaboration with start-ups, researchers, and academicians to identify and address gaps in AI strategy. He highlighted the approval of a national strategy in March to launch the ‘India AI Mission.’

This mission comprises seven verticals: augmenting investment in compute infrastructure, building an Indian foundational AI model, developing data set platforms, fostering AI future skills, initiating AI applications, supporting start-ups, and ensuring the creation of safe and trusted AI. Singh emphasized that India’s approach aims to balance innovation with regulation.

Addressing Deep Fakes and Societal Impacts

The conference, hosted by the Artificial Intelligence Law Hub, also delved into pressing issues like deep fakes, which demand urgent legal attention. Dr. Pavan Duggal, advocate at the Supreme Court and Chief Executive of the AI Law Hub, discussed the potential economic and cultural disruptions caused by AI. He stressed the need for a robust ethical framework to tackle fraudulent activities, resource exploitation, and the cultural and social impacts of AI-generated content. Such content can incite violence and exacerbate social divisions, necessitating comprehensive legal measures.

The discussions at the conference underscored the critical need for a futuristic, robust, and technology-agnostic legal framework to address the multifaceted challenges posed by AI advancements. As AI continues to evolve, it is imperative for legal systems to adapt proactively, ensuring a balance between fostering innovation and maintaining stringent regulatory oversight.

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