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CJI DY Chandrachud Flags potential hazards associated with the integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools in the legal profession

CJI DY Chandrachud, recently discussed the potential hazards associated with the integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools in the legal profession and society at large.

CJI DY Chandrachud emphasized the risk of bias and indirect discrimination inherent in AI applications, citing the example of the growing use of biometrics, particularly facial recognition technology (FRT).

“The ramifications of bias in AI systems pose a multifaceted challenge, especially concerning indirect discrimination. This form of bias emerges when ostensibly impartial policies or algorithms disproportionately impact certain demographics, thereby compromising their rights and safeguards… Facial recognition technology (FRT) epitomizes a high-risk AI scenario, given its inherently invasive nature and susceptibility to misuse,” he stated.

While acknowledging the inevitability of addressing the use of AI in court adjudication, CJI Chandrachud cautioned,

“The integration of AI into contemporary processes, including court proceedings, raises intricate ethical, legal, and pragmatic considerations that necessitate thorough examination. The utilization of AI in court adjudication offers both prospects and hurdles that require nuanced deliberation.”

CJI Chandrachud made these remarks during a two-day conference on Technology and Judicial Dialogue held at the Supreme Court of India, in conjunction with the Singapore Supreme Court.

Chief Justice of Singapore, Justice Sundaresh Menon, alongside various judges, jurists, and experts, also discussed a range of topics concerning AI and its implications for the legal system. These topics included its potential to aid court proceedings, its role in judicial training, enhancing access to justice, and the ethical considerations surrounding its utilization.

Additionally, CJI Chandrachud referenced the Oscar-nominated movie “Ex Machina,” which explores the concept of AI humanoid possessing high intelligence and autonomy.

“The film offers a poignant examination of the intersection between humanity and artificial intelligence, provoking critical inquiries about consciousness, morality, and the ethical consequences of developing sentient beings,” he remarked.

CJI Chandrachud cautioned that the movie serves as a “cautionary tale and thought-provoking reflection” on the ethical and existential challenges accompanying AI advancement.

Thus, he advocated for prudence in integrating AI into the legal sphere, ensuring that such tools bolster rather than undermine the universal pursuit of justice.

“Through collaboration and international cooperation, we establish a framework that advocates for the responsible and ethical utilization of AI technologies globally. This fosters a future where technology empowers every segment of society, promoting inclusivity, innovation, and progress. Together, we shape a world where AI’s potential is realized for humanity’s betterment.”

CJI Chandrachud emphasized the inevitability of technological advancement and AI’s potential to revolutionize professions and enhance service delivery.

“In the legal field, this translates to AI’s capacity to expedite and streamline justice delivery. The era of maintaining the status quo is behind us; it is time to embrace evolution within our profession and explore how we can fully leverage technology’s processing power within our institutions,” he concluded.

The conference, which aims to explore the nexus between technology and the legal system, particularly focusing on AI’s transformative role, signifies a crucial step in addressing these issues.

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